Affliction

The Prophet salAllahu ’alayhi wa sallam said: “Reward is directly proportional to the affliction. If Allah loves a people, He inflicts them with a calamity.  Whoever accepts it, Allah is pleased with them, and whoever resents it, Allah is displeased with them.”
[Hasan: Related by at-Tirmidhi (no.2398) and Ibn Majah (no.4021), from Anas radiallahu ’anhu.  It was authenticated by al-Albani in as-Sahihah (no.146).]

Likewise, the Prophet salAllahu ’alayhi wa sallam said: “Whenever Allah loves a people, He sends affliction upon them.  So whoever is patient, is one of the patient-ones, and whoever resents it, is one of the resenters.”
[Sahih: Related by Ahmad (5/427), from Mahmud ibn Lubayd radiallahu ’anhu.  It was authenticated by al-Mundhari in at-Targhîb wat-Tarhib (4/283), al-Haythamiin Majma’uz-Zawa‘id (2/291) and Ibn Hajar in Fathul-Bari (10/108).]

Similarly, in the hadith of Sa’ad:  The Prophet salAllahu ’alayhi wa sallam was asked: Who from mankind suffers the greatest afflictions?  He replied: “The Prophets, then those most like them, then those most like them.  A person is afflicted with calamities in comparisons to his Deen, so if he is firm in his Deen, then his afflictions are strong and if he is weak in his Deen, then his afflictions are lighter.  A person is afflicted with calamities until he is left walking upon the face of this earth without any sins.”
[Sahih: Related by Ahmad (l/172), at-Tirmidhi (no.2398) and Ibn Majah (no.4023). It was authenticated by al-Albani in as-Sahihah (no.143).]

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